Type 2 Diabetes Treatments
In patients affected by type 2 diabetes, their glucose or blood sugar is too high because either the body is not able to produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin that is produced. Cells in the body use glucose for energy, and the hormone insulin draws the glucose from the blood into the cells. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. At MedStar Good Samaritan Hospital, our diabetes care team provides patients with the proper education and essential type 2 diabetes treatments they need to live healthy, enjoyable lives.
The Connection Between Pre-Diabetes and Diabetes
In most cases, individuals experience pre-diabetes before developing type 2 diabetes. The blood glucose levels are higher than normal but still not high enough to be classified as diabetes. It is possible that long-term damage, especially to the heart and circulatory system, can occur during pre-diabetes. With early detection and a healthy lifestyle, you can keep your blood glucose levels under control and delay or prevent type 2 diabetes.
Common Risk Factors and Symptoms
Some diabetes risk factors can be controlled, such as excess body weight, diet, activity level, and high blood pressure. On the other hand, risk factors that cannot be controlled include: age, gender, race and family history. Check out a full list of risk factors.
Early symptoms of diabetes can vary, depending on if you have low or high blood sugar. They may include the following:
Low Blood Sugar
High Blood Sugar
|Impaired vision||Extreme thirst|
If you experience any or a combination of these symptoms, consult with your primary care physician.
Type 2 Diabetes Treatments and Self-Management
With the help of our diabetes care team, you can live well with diabetes. By maintaining open communication with us and your primary care physician, you will be fully equipped to manage your diabetes and prevent further complications.
Before visiting one of our diabetes experts, it is important to gather any records of your blood glucose readings and your blood glucose monitor and bring them with you to your appointment. The doctor will help you understand the readings and answer questions you may have about high or low results. In addition, be sure to make a list symptoms or concerns you want to discuss with the doctor, and ask the following questions:
- How often should I check my blood glucose?
- What is my target range for blood glucose readings, blood pressure and cholesterol?
- Should I make any adjustments to my lifestyle (food, exercise, medications) to improve my blood glucose control?
During your visit with us, pay attention to your blood pressure as well—if it is high, you have an increased risk of suffering from stroke, heart attack, eye problems, and kidney disease. Speak with your doctor about setting up a self-care plan to help lower your blood pressure if it is high. Another part of treating and managing your diabetes is preventing complications by getting proper exams, vaccinations and tests. It is important that you schedule the following at least once a year:
- A cholesterol blood test
- A microalbumin test, which measures kidney function
- An eye exam performed by an eye doctor
- A flu shot
Learn more about managing diabetes by joining our Diabetes Education program.
Ways to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
If you already have diabetes, it is essential to do daily blood sugar tests and make sure it is within your target range so you can prevent heart disease and stay healthy. If your doctor has instructed you to take any medication, make sure to do so. We also recommend that you do the following:
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Follow a diet low in fat, salt, and sugar and high in fiber.
- Exercise on a regular basis. Aerobic activities are good for your heart and help your body work to lower your blood sugar.
- Listen to your doctor about other health problems, such as high blood pressure.
- Try to reduce stress in your life.
- Drink alcohol in moderation. No more than one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men.
- Regularly test your blood glucose, especially if you are older than 45.
Watch the video below to see how our diabetes care team helped Dana get his diabetes under control.
Find out more about our diabetes self-management education program.
Diabetes Daily Diary
To help you manage your diet, insulin levels and daily progress, download and print our Diabetes Daily Diary.