Angina is a specific type of chest discomfort caused by inadequate blood flow through the blood vessels of the heart muscle. The discomfort or pain is felt anywhere along the front of the body between the neck and upper abdomen and is relieved by rest or medication within a short period of time (usually 15 minutes). Chest pain of a longer duration or pain appearing with a lower level of effort than before, even at rest, should be considered unstable angina.

Diagnostic Tools


AspirinBeta-blockersCalcium Channel BlockersEnhanced External Counterpulsation (EECP)NitroglycerinOral nitratesOther medications to control high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or abnormal heart rhythms. If medications fail or in more severe cases, physicians may recommend one of the following treatment options:

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